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Estimating Economic Damages In Antitrust Actions In Latin America Estimating Economic Damages In Antitrust Actions In Latin America

Fecha en que se agregó: 06/03/2013
Peso: 809.76 kB
Descargas: 3616

The purpose of this guide is to present a framework for estimating economic damages in antitrust actions in Latin America. Although we provide a general discussion of similarities between antitrust law in the United States and Latin America, we do not intend this guide to be an exercise in comparative law. Rather, our goal is to explain the structure that economists use to quantify antitrust damages, which applies across all jurisdictions.

Mark A. Allen/Victoria A. Lazear

Collaboration Among Competitors Collaboration Among Competitors

Fecha en que se agregó: 04/05/2013
Peso: 491.79 kB
Descargas: 2896

Horizontal agreements among competitors can lead to significant economic benefits which in turn can translate into significant consumer benefits, especially when such agreements take advantage of complementary skills. These agreements may allow for the development of new products, enhance the speed of development of such products, increase the quality and variety of options available, save costs or share risks. However, horizontal agreements may also lead to competition concerns. That is the case when they facilitate practices which fix prices or output, fix the allocation of markets or customers, or foreclose future competitors. Such agreements are likely to lead to consumer losses through increased prices or reduced quality, quantity or variety of output; they may also stifle innovation and new product development.

The analytical framework herein proposed is based on economic and legal principles for assessing horizontal agreements and the contexts in which they take place; it applies to agreements which are not per se illegal. The analysis of agreements under the rule of reason is based upon best international practices, including those of the U.S. Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission, as well as the European Commission.

Rosa Abrantes

Guía sobre Acuerdos Horizontales entre competidores Guía sobre Acuerdos Horizontales entre competidores

Fecha en que se agregó: 04/03/2013
Peso: 815.81 kB
Descargas: 5357

Hay varias razones legítimas por las que los competidores pueden necesitar o simplemente deseen colaborar. Las empresas pueden colaborar con el fin de financiar la innovación y mejorar la calidad o la variedad de sus productos existentes, desarrollar nuevos y mejores productos, expandirse a nuevos mercados o mejorar la eficiencia y reducir costos. Los beneficios para los consumidores de estas colaboraciones pueden ser importantes, sobre todo si son complementarios para todas las partes. Pero no obstante estos beneficios, estos acuerdos también pueden dar lugar a daño competitivo. La propuesta reciente, "Centro Regional de Competencia para América Latina: Directrices en defensa de la competencia para la colaboración horizontal entre competidores", ofrece recomendaciones generales sobre cómo las agencias de competencia en los respectivos países tal vez deseen analizar la colaboración entre competidores bajo sus respectivas Leyes en defensa de la competencia.

Rosa Abrantes

Organismo Ejecutor del CRC AL: Instituto Mexicano para la Competitividad, A.C.